Japanese Birth Rate Problem is Getting Worse
Current known and unknown policies are being used to reduce certain portions of population growth around the world, but Japan is not suffering from any of these. Instead, they’re just suffering from a combination of history, logistics, and long life.
The history is that the culture has traditionally favored male children This does not manifest itself to mimic extreme cases such as in China and other countries, but it does mean that families that have a male first child are less likely to try to have other children.
The logistics is purely about size. The country is not like China, Russia, the United States, or other countries with large populations and plenty of room for the people. Space is limited in Japan and each person takes up more of it.
The long life component hurts when logistics are involved. People live longer in Japan than just about anywhere else, meaning the population is getting too old. As it’s described in The Guardian:
The proportion of people aged 65 or over is forecast to reach nearly 40% of the population in 2060, the government has warned.
This will continue to be a problem for the country and there’s really no feasible solution available other than moving the elderly population out of the country. This is, of course, unlikely, which means that they may resort to other actions. These “other” actions are not going to be the type that you hear about on The Guardian or anywhere else. I would be very worried if I lived in Japan.